What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the membrane lining of any sinus. Acute sinusitis is a short term condition that responds well to antibiotics and decongestants. Chronic sinusitis is characterized by at least four recurrences of acute sinusitis.
- Facial Pain / Pressure
- Nasal Obstruction / Blockage
- Nasal Discharge
- Additional symptoms may be: headache, bad breath, fatigue, dental pain and cough
The usage of antibiotics, decongestants, steroid sprays, and possibly antihistamines may be prescribed by your doctor. Typically before considering sinus surgery, your doctor will use conservative medical treatment to alleviate your symptoms for four to six weeks.
Did you know?!?
Sinusitis is ranked second in terms of prevalence in the USA. Over 37 million people are afflicted each year. Sinus abnormalities are more commonly found in sinusitis patients during the months of July, August, September and December.
Your child’s sinuses are not fully developed until age 20. Sinusitis is difficult to diagnose because respiratory infections are more frequent, and symptoms can be subtle. Unlike a cold or allergy, bacterial sinusitis requires a physician’s diagnosis and treatment with an antibiotic to prevent future complications.
Common Symptoms in Children:
- A ‘cold’ lasting more than 10-14 days, sometimes with a low-grade fever.
- Thick yellow-green nasal drainage
- Post-nasal-drip: exhibited as a sore throat, cough, bad breath, nausea and / or vomiting.
- Headache, usually not before age 6
- Irritability or fatigue
- Swelling around the eyes
Antibiotic therapy is the most successful treatment in many cases. If medical therapy fails, surgical therapy can be used as a safe and effective method of treating sinus disease in children.
Special Considerations Needed for Aging Patients
With aging, the physiology and the function of the nose changes, the nose lengthens and the nasal tip begins to droop, due to weakening of the supporting cartilage. This in turn causes a restriction of nasal airflow, particularly at the nasal valve region (where the upper and lower cartilages meet). Narrowing in this area results in the complaint of nasal obstruction, often referred to as Geriatric Rhinitis.
Common Complaints from Elderly
- Constant need to clear the throat
- A sense of nasal obstruction
- Nasal crusting/dry irritated nose
- Vague facial pressure
- Decreased sense of smell and taste
Chronic Sinusitis Symptoms Range
- Long history of thick drainage that is foul smelling and tasting
- Nasal obstruction
- Headaches / facial pain pressure
Medication is individualized specifically for this age groups slower metabolism and the increasing potential for side effects. Surgery is occasionally advised for older patients.
For more information, please contact our office at 702.647.2900.